Host-Microbiome Cross-talk in Oral Mucositis

Abstract Oral mucositis (OM) is among the most common, painful, and debilitating toxicities of cancer regimen–related treatment, resulting in the formation of ulcers, which are susceptible to increased colonization of microorganisms. Novel discoveries in OM have focused on understanding the host-microbial interactions, because current pathways have shown that major virulence factors from microorganisms have the…

Randomized Phase 2 Trial of a Novel Clonidine Mucoadhesive Buccal Tablet for the Amelioration of Oral Mucositis in Patients Treated With Concomitant Chemoradiation Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Purpose: Oral mucositis (OM) is a frequent and painful sequela of concomitant chemoradiation (CRT) used for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC) for which there is no effective intervention. This randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy of a novel, mucoadhesive topical tablet formulation of clonidine in mitigating CRT-induced OM in patients with HNC.…

Phase II investigational oral drugs for the treatment of radio/chemotherapy induced oral mucositis

Abstract Introduction: Oral mucositis is a significant unmet clinical need for many cancer patients. The biological complexity of mucositis’ pathogenesis provides a number of mechanistic targets suitable as pharmacologic targets. The diversity of targets has stimulated drug development in search of an effective intervention. In this paper, we review a range of agents that are currently…